Scenic Shimla, the biggest hill station of the world and the capital of Himachal Pradesh are settled at a height of 2100 meters. The stunning beauty and charm of Shimla was first discovered by a British officer, Lt. Rose, during the Gorkha war and was named after the temple of Goddess Shamla which was situated here amidst the thickly wooded forest. Shimla became the favorite hill resort of the British and also the summer capital of India during the British Raj. There are many places of interest in Shimla as well as around the town.
The Ridge, large open space in the heart of the town is a major attraction of Shimla. Tourists converge here while taking leisurely walks through the Mall and Lakkar Bazaar and enjoy the scenic beauty and charm of Shimla.
Christ Church is the second oldest church in northern India that was built between 1846 and 1857 is one of the major landmarks of the town. It is set on the edge of the Ridge and noted for its Neo-Gothic architecture and immense historical value.
The Mall Road, the main shopping area of Shimla is also dotted with fine eating out places. The Gaiety theatre here is a replica of an old British Theatre and it is the cultural hub of Shimla. Also, no vehicular traffic is allowed on the Ridge, Mall Road, and Lakkar Bazaar.
Lakkar Bazaar lies near the Ridge and is popular for wood articles and souvenirs. The roller skating Rink here is also visited by the tourist.
Kali Bari Temple lies near the scandal point towards the general post office. The idol of Goddess Shamla is enshrined here.
State Museum also resides on the western edge of the town and exhibits ancient sculptures and “Pahari” miniature painting of the state.
Indian Institute of Advanced Studies is the prestigious institute established in 1964 is housed in the old viceregal lodge, one of the finest British colonial buildings. The structure was built in 1888 and it is a fine blend of Scottish Baronial and English Renaissance architecture styles. Its interiors are noted for excellent woodwork and are the first building with electric light in Shimla town. The Viceregal Lodge was the summer seat of British government till the 1940s.