The Wonderful ‘Patiala’ City, was founded in 1753, by Maharaja Ala Singh and named Patiala, literally the territory (pati) of Ala. In 1948, it became the capital of a new state, PEPSU (Patiala and East Punjab States Union), created by merging the princely states of East Punjab. The rulers of Patiala were great patrons of art and crafts, which made the city an important center of the Punjabi language and culture.
Qila Mubarak: The fort in the heart of the town was built in 1764, by Maharaja Ala Singh at the site of a kuchi-Garhi. The royal family also resided here and the residential area was known as ‘Qila Androon’ or the Inner Fort. The palaces are adorned with fine murals painted by artists from Kangra and Rajasthan. The Durbar Hall, to the right of the entrance, was built later and is noted for its beautiful ornament ceiling and fine murals. It houses a museum displaying a historic collection of weapons. The bustling bazaar around the fort is a treasure – trove for shoppers. The shopping list comprises of specialties of Patiala – exquisitely embroidered leather shoes (jutties),. tasseled silken braid (pirandis) and brightly embroidered phulkari fabrics etc.
Moti Bagh Palace: The magnificent palace in Indo-Saracenic style was completed in the early 20th century and is one of the largest residences in Asia. It is surrounded by beautiful terraced gardens and water channels. The main palace now houses the National Institute of Sports and Sports Museum.
Sheesh Mahal: The charming palace near a small lake was built during the reign of Maharaja Narinder Singh (1845-1862). Its interiors are beautifully embellished with pieces of glass and mirror (sheesh). An Art Gallery here displays antique paintings, bronzes, sculptures, and portraits of the Maharajas of Patiala. The World’s largest collection of medals, decorations, and orders of various countries are exhibited here.
Baradari Gardens: The graceful garden was laid out in the late 19th century, by prince Rajinder Singh. It also has a rock garden and a fern house.
Kali DeviTemple: It is located opposite the Baradari garden on Mall Road. The painted chamber of the shrine is a protected monument.
Gurudwara Dukh Niwaran Sahib: The famous gurudwara marks the site, where Teg Bahadur Ji rested on his way to Delhi to embrace martyrdom.
Bahadurgarh Fort (6 kms.): It was originally founded in 1658, by Nawab Saif Khan. The present structure was built by Maharaja Karam Singh of Patiala in 1837.